Unusual changes to the skin sometimes signal more than an unsightly appearance; it may also indicate an underlying health concern. Think of your skin like a canvas; a visual reflection of what is going on inside your body that showcases your overall health and well-being. While genetics, environmental factors and lifestyle can negatively affect skin, many common skin conditions from acne to eczema have dermatological solutions that can improve and rejuvenate the skin. 

Fungal, viral & bacterial infections of the skin

Fungal infections like athlete’s foot, ringworm and yeast infections thrive in warm, moist environments, leading to symptoms such as itching, redness and flaking. 

Viral infections such as herpes simplex virus (HSV) or human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause cold sores, genital warts or verrucas, manifesting as painful blisters or raised lesions. 

Bacterial infections like cellulitis, impetigo or folliculitis often result from breaks in the skin barrier causing redness, swelling and sometimes, discharge. 

Effective treatment typically involves antifungal medications for fungal infections, antiviral drugs for viral infections and antibiotics for bacterial infections, along with proper hygiene practices and, in some cases, lifestyle adjustments to prevent recurrence.


While its exact cause remains unclear, factors such as genetics, abnormal facial blood vessels and a heightened immune response may contribute to its development. Rosacea tends to show up on the skin in episodes of flare-ups and remissions, often triggered by factors like spicy foods, alcohol, sunlight, temperature extremes, stress and certain skincare products. 

Topical treatments include metronidazole or azelaic acid to reduce redness and inflammation, oral antibiotics for inflammatory lesions and lifestyle modifications to minimize triggers. In severe cases, laser therapy or isotretinoin may be recommended under the guidance of a dermatologist.


Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder that accelerates the growth cycle of skin cells producing thick, red patches covered with silvery scales. 

Topical treatments like corticosteroids, retinoids and coal tar preparations can help reduce inflammation and scale formation. For moderate to severe psoriasis phototherapy or systemic medications such as methotrexate, cyclosporine or biologics may be recommended.


Eczema is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by red, itchy patches on the skin. It often develops in infancy and may persist into adulthood. 

Moisturizers, topical corticosteroids and antihistamines can alleviate symptoms and prevent flare-ups. In severe cases, dermatologists may prescribe immunosuppressants or biologic drugs to manage inflammation.


Dermatitis is defined as inflammation of the skin that can result in redness, itching, swelling and sometimes blistering. It can be caused by irritants like soaps, detergents, certain fabrics, allergens (like pollen), pet dander or underlying health conditions. 

Types of dermatitis include contact dermatitis, which occurs when the skin comes into direct contact with an irritant or allergen, and atopic dermatitis, a chronic form often associated with a family history of allergies and asthma. 

Treatment typically involves identifying and avoiding triggers along with the use of topical corticosteroids, moisturizers, antihistamines or calcineurin inhibitors to alleviate symptoms.


Not surprisingly, acne is the most common skin condition, affecting all age ranges, especially adolescents. Acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells leading to the formation of pimples, blackheads and whiteheads. While over-the-counter products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid may help manage mild acne, severe cases may require prescription medications like retinoids, antibiotics or oral contraceptives.

Keep in mind, listed above are brief summaries of the most common skin conditions and their dermatological solutions. To fully diagnose and treat what may be ailing your skin, contact THE CENTER for Advanced Dermatology at 602-867-7546 or WEBSITE for a full skin evaluation.